There are three types of offenses that bring people to court in Michigan. A civil infraction is the least severe and is usually something like a speeding ticket or traffic ticket. Civil infractions are civil matters, and admitting responsibility to one does not result in a criminal record or conviction. It may, however, result in an increase in insurance premiums.
Misdemeanors are crimes that are punishable by up to one year in jail and/or 2 years of probation.
Felonies are punishable by more than one year of incarceration and/ or up-to 5 years of probation. Felonies are the only crimes where a person could be sent to prison.
A sub-category of felonies is a high court misdemeanor. This crime is punishable by up to 2 years in prison and/or 5 years of probation. A high court misdemeanor is considered a felony for criminal justice purposes but a misdemeanor for civil purposes. If convicted of a high-court misdemeanor, a person does not have to state they have been convicted of a felony on job applications or other questionnaires but the conviction is otherwise treated as a felony.